Law Commission recommends legalising sports betting in India

The Law Commission of India, in its 276th report, has recommended legalisation of regulated betting and gambling activities, while asserting that a complete ban has not been returning the desired results.

The report stated that since it is not possible to completely prevent these activities, effectively regulating them would be the only feasible option.

Animals declared as ‘legal persons’ in Uttarakhand

In a first, the Uttarakhand High Court on July 4, 2018 accorded the status of ‘legal person or entity’ to the animals in the state and said that “they have a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.”

The unique status was bestowed upon the state’s animals by a division bench of judges comprising Justice Rajiv Sharma and Justice Lokpal Singh while issuing a series of directions to prevent cruelty against animals.

SUPREME COURT JUDGMENTS

• States cannot appoint acting Director General of Police: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court on July 3, 2018 passed a slew of directions on police reforms in the country, stating guidelines for appointment of the Director General of Police (DGP).

• Supreme Court upholds  RBI’s ban on Virtual Currencies
The Supreme Court on July 3, 2018 refused to put a stay on the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) circular prohibiting banks and financial institutions from dealing in virtual currencies, thus upholding the ban on the virtual currencies such as Bitcoin.

• Lieutenant Governor bound by ‘aid and advice’ of elected Delhi Government: Supreme Court
A five-judge Supreme Court bench on July 4, 2018 unanimously held that the Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Delhi is bound by the “aid and advice” of the ArvindKejriwal-led AamAadmi Party (AAP) Government and both have to work harmoniously with each other.

• CJI is Master of Roster, has authority to allocate cases: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court on July 5, 2018 ruled that the Chief Justice of India is the ‘Master of Roster’ who has the authority to decide on allocation of cases.

• Delhi private hospitals to provide free treatment to poor: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court on July 9, 2018 ruled that all private hospitals in Delhiu, which were given land on concessional rate, must provide free treatment to certain percentage of poor patients.

• Supreme Court passes a slew of directions to deal with Mob Lynching
The Supreme Court on July 17, 2018 condemned mob lynching incidents across the country and urged the Parliament to enact a law to deal with the crime that threatens rule of law and the country’s social fabric.

• Marriage doesn’t imply woman’s consent to sex: Delhi High Court
The Delhi high court on July 17, 2018 ruled that marriage does not mean woman’s consent to sexual relation with her husband.

• “When a man can enter, a woman can also go”: SC on Sabarimala ban
The Supreme Court on July 18, 2018 observed that banning the entry of women in Kerala’s Sabarimala temple by the temple authorities is unconstitutional and questioned the authorities regarding the same.

• Supreme Court lifts ban on protests at JantarMantar
The Supreme Court of India on July 23, 2018 ruled that there cannot be a “complete ban” on holding protests at JantarMantar or India Gate.

• File a detailed affidavit related to appointment of Lokpal: SC to Centre
The Supreme Court on July 24, 2018 asked the Union Government to file a detailed affidavit mentioning all the steps being taken for setting up a search committee for suggesting probable names for the appointment of Lokpal.

• Scheme to compensate victims of sexual assaults should include children: SC
The Supreme Court on July 25, 2018 ruled that the Compensation Scheme for Women Victims/Survivors of Sexual Assault/Other Crimes-2018 should include child victims of sexual assault. The ruling was made by a bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta.

POLITY/CONSTITUTION

  • Cabinet approves DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister NarendraModi on July 4, 2018 approved The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill 2018.

 

  • CCEA approves proposal to expand scope of Higher Education Financing Agency

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister NarendraModi on July 4, 2018 approved the proposal for expanding the scope of Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) by tasking it to mobiliseRs 1,00,000 crore for Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) by 2022.

 

  • IBBI amends Bankruptcy Norms, notifies procedures for home buyers under insolvency proceedings

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) on July 4, 2018 notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2018.

  • Government constitutes 10-member committee to review offences under Companies Act, 2013

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has constituted a 10 Member Committee to review the penal provisions in the Companies Act, 2013.

  • President Ram NathKovind approves Assam’s Anti-Witch Hunting Bill

President Ram Nath on July 17, 2018 approved the Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2015, thus, converting it to an Act. The Bill was unanimously passed by the Assam assembly in 2015.

 

  • Rajya Sabha passes Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill

The Parliament passed the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on July 18, 2018.

  • Lok Sabha passes Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

The Lok Sabha on July 19, 2018 passed the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, which aims to deter fugitive economic offenders from evading the legal process by fleeing the country and remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts.

  • Rajya Sabha passes Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013

The Rajya Sabha on July 19, 2018 passed the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013 by a voice vote. The Bill seeks to amend the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

  • Bihar Assembly passes amendments to liquor ban law to stop its misuse

The Bihar Assembly passed the Bihar Prohibition and Excise (Amendment) Bill, 2018 on July 23, 2018 to amend some of the stringent provisions of the prohibition law in order to prevent its misuse and make the quantum of punishment proportionate to the nature of offence.

 

  • Lok Sabha passes National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017

The Lok Sabha on July 23, 2018 passed the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that seeks to amend the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Act, 1993.

 

  • Parliament passes Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2018

The Parliament on July 24, 2018 passed the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill 2018 to enhance transparency and accountability of the government.

 

  • Lok Sabha passes Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017

The Lok Sabha on July 23, 2018 passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that seeks to amend the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.  The Act has amended to deal firmly with cheque bounce cases.

 

  • Parliament passes Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

The Parliament on July 25, 2018 passed the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 that seeks to prevent economic offenders from fleeing the country and evading the legal process.

 

  • Trafficking of Persons Bill, 2018: Provisions and Penalties

The Lok Sabha on July 26, 2018 passed the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2018. The Bill provides for the prevention, rescue and rehabilitation of trafficked persons and seeks to establish a National Anti-Trafficking Bureau to investigate trafficking cases.

 

  • Lok Sabha passes bill to replace homoeopathy council

The Lok Sabha on July 30, 2018 passed a bill, which seeks to replace the Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH) with a board of governors.

 

Legal GK

  • SC asks Centre to inform in 10 days time frame for appointing Lokpal

The Supreme Court on July 2, 2018 directed the Centre to inform it within 10 days about the time frame for appointing the anti-graft ombudsman Lokpal in the country.

  • NRL becomes first oil PSU to introduce online legal compliance

Numaligarh Refinery Ltd (NRL) in Assam has become the first oil public sector undertaking (PSU) to adopt an online legal compliance system by introducing ‘Legatrix’.

  • New five-judge constitution bench to hear challenge to Section 377 of IPC

A newly re-constituted five-judge constitution bench will begin hearing of four crucial matters, including the much-contested case challenging the Constitutional validity of Section 377 of Indian Penal Code from July 10, 2018.

  • Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018: Justice Srikrishna Committee submits report on data protection

Justice BN Srikrishna Committee on July 27, 2018 submitted its report on the data protection law to Union Minister for Electronics and IT, law and justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad.

  • Madras HC allows petitioners to file IT Returns without quoting Aadhaar

The Madras High Court on July 25, approved the plea of nine petitioners to file their Income Tax Returns (ITRs) manually without quoting Aadhaar or Aadhaar enrolment number for the assessment year 2018-19.